Word of the Week: Gründerzeit [ˈɡʁʏndɐˌt͡saɪ̯t]

Noun. Lit. Founder’s Era. A time during the second half of the 19th century where Austria (Austria-Hungary after 1867) became industrialized and under went unprecedented modernization and growth. New enterprises were started en masse, and Vienna’s population exploded as workers flocked to the capital,reaching over two million by 1910, a number still unsurpassed today.

In 1857, the old city walls were razed, and massive public buildings–the Rathaus, Parliament and Staatsoper, among others–were constructed in its place;old aristocrats and new industrialists erected palaces,a rising and moneyed middle class built mansions and townhouses, and sleepy villages on the outskirts made way for urban housing and were incorporated into the city proper, giving Vienna its current form. It was not unlike what Baron Haussmann did for Paris around the same time, but with less planning.

The Vienna World Fair in 1873 was to be the celebration of a resurgent empire,but was marred by the crash of the Vienna Stock Market on May 9, which triggered a worldwide depression–an ominous example of a bubble economy and staggering investor hubris. Gründerzeit historicist architectural styles,however, used for everything from the Hofburg to tenements, persisted until World War I.

Roughly analogous to Britain’s Victorianism, France’sBelle Epoque and America’s Gilded Age,it remains Vienna’s most recognizable building style,its neo-baroque stucco facades and parquet floors held in high esteem by tenants and realtors,even if their double casement windows are notoriously drafty,exacerbated by the trademark high ceilings: While they may get you to stand straighter, they make Gründerzeit apartments prohibitively expensive to heat.

Metropole
Stories are what make a city great. METROPOLE tells Vienna’s in English. Whether it’s insights about personalities, businesses or ideas, METROPOLE curates them for an international public. Looking to enrich your experience here? METROPOLE recommends events and locations to help make your Vienna story worth the telling.

Help us help you

“Strong media and independent journalism are built on the shoulders of subscribers. Your support means the world to us.

Benjamin Wolf
COO & Managing Editor

The coronavirus outbreak affects and challenges your life in big and small ways. Metropole is here for you and we are proud to be your news source during this crisis.

But just as the coronavirus has increased the need for independent journalism, it has also undercut a major revenue source of media companies, ours included – advertising.

We need your support to keep it up – donate or subscribe and #helpushelpyou!

Support Metropole!

RECENT Articles

METROPOLE NEWSLETTER

Join over 5,000 Metropolitans, who already get monthly news updates and event invitations.